Isaac Disraeli (1766-1848)

My edition is the sixth, published in 1824, in three volumes.  This is a collection of anecdotes, obscure historical events, little known authors, and even littler known  books.  The Disraeli family left Italy around 1750 and settled in the Netherlands.  Isaac emigrated to England toward the end of the century.  He had a well-founded reputation as a scholar, linguist, and pursuer of minutia;  he lived simply, and was kind to his wife and children.  These short essays were published in small literary magazines and periodicals.  Here are some of the more interesting subjects and factoids i found:

Before 1440, all books were in manuscript.  Richard de Bury bought 40 books from the monastery at St. Albans for 50 pounds of silver.  He wrote Philobiblion in 1340;  it’s a description of his library and included information on preserving and accumulating books.  At the time, the state library of France consisted of 20 volumes.  There were more books available by the middle of the next century.  The Duke of Bedford purchased 900 of them from Charles V of France at that time.

Literary criticism was , initially, pursued with emphases on revenge and conspiracy as authors fought to maintain a toe-hold in the early publishing environment.  Sarasin’s Sello’s essays in the Hebdomadary Flame were replete with “acidity and salts”.  Bayle was a bit more discrete;  he wrote 36 volumes of criticism in the period leading up to 1678.  Le Clerc was the author of 82 volumes, and Beausobre and L’Enfant translated 50 books of German criticism.  The first British Journal devoted to review and criticism was the “Monthly Review” which appeared in 1749.

Manuscripts were valuable at the time and hunters of them rummaged through the garbage cans of Europe for them.  Poggio found a copy of Aretino on Quintillian in the trash can behind a monastery.  One of Petrarch’s favorite books was Cicero, “On Glory”.  It was stolen, plagiarized, and destroyed by a visiting monk.  Another copy has never been located.

Robert Cotton, an early enthusiast, was visiting his tailor one day and noticed him using a piece of parchment for patterns.  It was one of the few remaining original transcripts of the Magna Carta.

Isaac noted that even early Classical authors could be rancorous:  Homer apparently stole part of his work from Suidus and Syagrus.  Plutarch intensely disliked Herodotus, Plato and Aristotle spent much of their time warring against each other as well as against other local scholiasts.  Josephus was a tool of the Roman state, tuning his writing to support the persecution of Jews and Christians.  Thomas Aquinas was regarded by some as one of the dimmer bulbs in the Christian world of the time.  He said angels were made of thick air.  A contemporary regarded his efforts as “cobwebs of sophistry”, full of “captious logic”.

Poets and writers were often seriously poor:  Camoens walked and begged for ten thousand miles before expiring.  Tasso had to borrow from friends to finish his “Jerusalem Delivered”, Corneille starved to death, Dryden sold 10,000 verses for 300 lbs., Purchas, author of a book of travels, was jailed for debt.  An early inventor, Marquis of Worcester, was ignored by Charles II:  he, according to Disraeli, invented the first steam engine (aside from Hero of Alexandria, that is).  Simon Ockley, orientalist, was happy to be in prison.  He said it was quiet and the food was better than that available outside.  Boethius and Grotius  agreed with him, both of them producing major works while incarcerated.

Some of the activities engaged in by writers and philosophers to relax were notable:  Richelieu used parkour, jumping up walls and fences, Tycho Brache made laboratory instruments and ground lenses, Samuel Clarke leaped over tables, Buffon and Evelyn were avid gardeners.  Erasmus’s In Praise of Folly was written as a sort of relief from his serious researches.

Vaucanson was an early genius, unrecognized in his time.  As a child, having observed a clock pendulum. he intellectually analyzed its construction and built his own.  Later he made many robots and simulacrums, like his flute-playing automaton.  When Ariosto finished his Orlando Furioso, he submitted it to the local Cardinal who sent a note back:  “Where the devil did you get all this stuff!”

The Countess of Pembroke told Chaucer she admired his silence more than his wit, but Addison was criticized for never saying much at all while in society.

Isaac included a long section on the Talmud, mostly recording his astonishment at some of the things it contained:  data on efficient gardening, divorce reasonable if the lady of the house burned the soup, and quite a bit about the incredible scholasticism  the “chop logic”,  as regards the minutia of life.  Some of Sancho Panza’s antics in “Quixote” are taken directly from the Talmud.

This is not a book to breeze through:  it’s one of those, like the Encyclopedia Brittanica, that is more suitable for quiet, reflective investigation than for perusing on a weekend.  or two.  But it’s quite intriguing.  It’s sort of like eating chocolate chip cookies:  it’s hard to know when to stop.  The writing style is fluid and readily intelligible.  This edition has 500 pages in the first volume alone, every one of them crammed with fascinating detail as regards the little-known corners of history.   I hope to get to the other two volumes fairly soon.  Isaac wrote “Calamities of Authors” as well.  They’re all available on Gutenberg.



  1. This sounds like a really interesting look at the times, as much as anything else, Mudpuddle. And I like the idea of finding out more about these people. Those more personal stories can tell a lot about them, and ‘fill out’ the picture we all have of them.


    1. that’s only the extremely thin crust on top of a huge vat of interesting facts included in just the volume i read… fascinating stuff to wade through… Isaac was an approachable writer, and with a subtle humor all of his own… it sounds like Dorian has veered off away from you… you’ll probably get some wind anyway: good luck with that…


    1. haha… i don’t know how many years it took Isaac to compile all the eclectic information in these three volumes, but it must have been a life-long pursuit… i admire him a lot for his curiosity…

      Liked by 1 person

    1. very true: in almost every way people don’t change much… this sort of book is difficult to categorize: it’s not really organized like an encyclopedia and it doesn’t have a plot or any characterizations: it’s really just all for the fun of it, which i believe is one of the reasons i liked it so much…


    1. he probably devoted most of his time studying and writing… i wonder how that affected his family… and i wonder if there’s any bios of him; not, i would guess…

      Liked by 1 person

    1. it was good and energetic, bicycling and hiking and dodging cars of which there are entirely too many on the planet… music? i’ll take a look…


  2. I wonder if current historical novelists know of these volumes, because it sounds like reading them would go a long way to more historical accuracy.


    1. i imagine many of them do… as i noted above, the anecdotes and facts and events Isaac cites are diverting and informative, but i have no doubt that not all of them are accurate… as someone said, history is in the eyes of the beholder, or something like that… one of the reasons i liked the book is because the author is very dryly humorous and objective: he juxtaposes little stories in such a way that the common foibles of humans are indicated in an understanding and accepting way; quite appealing, really…


  3. It boggles the mind that people with so very few books would use them for critiquing each other! But I guess they were practical folks, and the concept of a novel had scarcely been invented yet…entertainment was still word-of-mouth and often musical. Makes me appreciate my books, though. 🙂


    1. one of the things i got, that Isaac played around with, was that humans have remained more or less the same since the beginning of time, both the good and the bad… doesn’t promise much change in the future, unfortunately…


  4. To begin with I am so glad to see you are back! Hope you had a good time away! Secondly, I love this book….it reminds of Gossip in the Library…I agree, that it cannot be an easy read, but a worthy one for sure! This one I need to add to my collection!


    1. i read a whole lot of Gosse a couple of years ago but i can’t recall if i read this one… if not i’ll have to initiate an immediate search for it… the only one of his i had trouble with was the one on Norse literature: it just seemed sort of draggy and i’m not a great fan of Ibsen anyway… i tried to comment on your latest post but i couldn’t find a comment button… probably because of my basic incompetence at computer stuff… i’ll look for it again… tx for the comment!


  5. I see you posted while I was in New Orleans. I find this sort of subject so interesting. I really like learning about the history of the book and writing.

    I am reading the Talmud. I don’t see how anyone can follow it to a “T” or hardly at all. It’s interesting reading, however.

    Hope you’re feeling refreshed after the break.


    1. refreshed: a little, yes thank you… but you know how it is: things seem to know where you are whereever you go and follow you around… wow, reading the Talmud: that’s sort of like getting a doctorate in obscure lit… i hope you post about it when you get through it! Isaac gleaned about all the good stuff out of it, i think


  6. Don’t believe everything your hear from the D’Israeli’s. In his Treatise on Separate Substances, Aquinas wrote

    “Therefore it is unfitting according to the view of Sacred Scripture, that angels should be corporeal. If however, one would wish to examine diligently the words of Sacred Scripture, he will be able to gather from them that angels are immaterial, for Sacred Scripture calls them certain powers.”

    It is fair to say that the English of the day may have had very curious notions about Aquinas: whoever did the life of Young for Johnson’s Lives of the English Poets asserts that Young nearly lost his reason trying to read Aquinas after Pope suggested it to him.

    Also, the index to my volume of Plato’s dialogues has no entry for Aristotle. There is an “Aristoteles” in the Parmenides, but he is said to have been afterwards one of The Thirty, and Aristotle, as a non-citizen, could not have held office.


    1. hello George, tx for commenting… it was an interesting read: but i took more than a pinch of salt along with me every time i opened the book… but it’s fun to quote the more unusual parts; maybe they’ll inspire someone to read it… or any other book, which is one of my objectives: to encourage others to read…


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